About USA

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A Brief Description

 

America’s initial Stone Age inhabitants arrived here by traversing the Bering Strait, and over the centuries that followed a wide variety of Indian cultures developed and prospered across the land.

After Columbus made his initial voyage to this New World, word of its potential riches spread across Europe, and explorers and settlers soon stepped ashore by the thousands, from Boston to Florida.

In 1620, the Pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower, landing in what is now modern-day Massachusetts;their settlement named Plymouth survived, and the story of a new nation was subsequently born.

Inevitable conflicts and wars over lands rightfully claimed by Indians and other established nations were followed by theRevolutionary War, as America and its upstart colonies broke from England and declared their new-found independence.

America expanded rapidly, well beyond the reach of theoriginal 13 colonies; the remaining indigenous Indians were stripped of most of their lands and moved to reservations; the central plains were purchased from Napoleon (France); Florida was grabbed from Spain, and the entire southwest (including California) was annexed after a successful war with Mexico – as the growing influence and size of the United States of America began to take shape.

Settlers (pioneers) from the east spread west across the plains, all the way to California. Soon railroads – the driving engines of coast-to-coast commerce – were up and running; the economy exploded and towns sprang up across the land. In the southern states slavery was an on-going, serious problem, and this new and fast-growing nation was soon ravaged by a bloody Civil War between north and south; the north (northern states) eventually won, and slavery was abolished.

No stranger to wars, be them small or large, the U.S.provided significant help in ending World War I; singlehandedly destroyed the Japanese Empire after they attacked the U.S. at Pearl Harbor; defeated Adolph Hitler and the German Army in World War II, with the heroic assistance of the United Kingdom (UK), and other allied forces, including Russia.

Mistakes it has surely made, as segregation and much-needed civil rights for blacks, the Vietnam War fiasco, and the on-going war in Iraq are certainly some of its questionable decisions, however, today the United States of America (USA), remains the planet’s only true super power, and the major provider of financial aid and military assistance across this planet we all call home.

As the world’s largest economy, it’s a significant leader in the fields of agriculture, education, energy, health care, high-tech, service industries, space exploration, and manufacturing of all descriptions.

The country includes (50) states; (48) continental states, plus Alaska and Hawaii, the two newest states. Dozens of major cities cover the land from coast-to-coast, andWashington D.C., the capital, reflects the incredible history of America, and stands as a proud symbol of its freedom, liberty, and justice for all.

  • Name: United States, or USA, or U.S.
  • Name: (long form) United States of America
  • Name Orgin: America is named after the Italian explorer, Amerigo Vespucci
  • Capital City: Washington D.C. (pop. 599,657)
  • Currency: U.S. Dollar (conversion rates)
  • GDP: $14.26 trillion (2009)
  • GDP: (per capita) $46,000 (2009)
  • Landforms/Land Sizes
  • Languages: English 82%, Spanish 11%, others
  • Largest Cities: (by population) New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Phoenix, Philadelphia
  • National Day: July 4
  • Population: 310,472,120 (October, 2010 estimate)
  • Population Clock: (It’s Ticking)
  • Population & Density: (all countries)
  • U.S. State Populations: (all states)
  • Religions: Protestant 52%, Catholic 24%, others

Land Area:

Land: 3,537,436 sq miles (9,161,923 sq km)
Water: 181,274 sq miles (469,497 sq km)
Total: 3,718,710 sq miles (9,631,420 sq km)
Land Area: (individual states)
Land Area: (all countries)
Horizontal Width: 2,680 miles
Vertical Length: 1,582 miles
Geographic Center: In the continental 48 states, it is a point 2 miles to the northwest of Lebanon, Kansas; with Alaska and Hawaii included, that point is near Belle Fourche, South Dakota.

Elevations:

  • Highest Point:
       Mt. McKinley, (Alaska) 20,320 ft. (6,194 m).
  • Highest Point: (continental 48 states)
       Mount Whitney, (California) is the highest point at 14,495ft (4,418 m)
  • Lowest Point:
       Death Valley, (California)(-282 ft.) (-86 m)
  • Mean Elevation: (average) 2,512 feet
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