Tanzania is the largest of the East African countries and one of the poorest countries in the world, but also one of Africa’s premier tourist destination. With attractions like Mount Kilimanjaro, the Great Lakes, Ngorongoro, Serengeti National Park, and the islands of Pemba and Zanzibar, to name only some.
This page aims to give you a broad overview of Tanzanian art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile, the page contains links to sources with information about this Eastern African nation:
Official web sites of Tanzania, addresses of Tanzanian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, country guides with information on travel, accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Tanzania.
Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964.
One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s.
Zanzibar’s semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers’ claims of voting irregularities.
United Republic of Tanzania
Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
short form: Tanzania
former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
ISO Country Code: tz
Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-18 08:48
Country Calling Code: +255
Dar es Salaam (executive)
Other Cities: Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Mtwara, Stonetown, Zanzibar
Type: Unitary Republic.
Independence: Tanganyika 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship),
Zanzibar 1963 (from UK).
Union formed 1964.
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
Area: Tanzania mainland–945 000 sq. km. (378 000 sq. mi.); Zanzibar–1 658 sq. km. (640 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Coastal plains; a central plateau; highlands in north and south.
Highest point: Kilimanjaro 5 895 m.
Climate: Varies from tropical to arid to temperate.
Nationality: Tanzanian(s); Zanzibari(s).
Population: Mainland–36 million.
Ethnic Groups: mainland – native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar – Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African.
Religions: mainland – Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar – more than 99% Muslim.
Languages: Kiswahili (Swahili, Kiunguja), English (both official), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages.
Literacy: male: 85.9%, female: 70.7% .
Natural resources: Hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel.
Agriculture products: Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (organic insecticide), cashew nuts, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; livestock.
Industries: Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, oil refining.
Exports partners: India 8.9%, Spain 8.2%,Netherlands 6.4%, Japan 5.7%, UK 4.9%, China4.7%, Kenya 4.6% (2004)
Imports partners: South Africa 12.6%, China7.8%, India 6.3%, Kenya 5.4%, UAE 5.3%, USA4.8%, UK 4.6% (2004)
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)