A Brief Description
This strategic island called Singapore was first inhabited by regional fishermen and pirates, and later became part of the Sumatran Empire of Srivijaya.
European control of the Malaysian area began in the 16th century, and in 1819, Singapore was founded as a British trading colony, and was once the site of one of Britain’s most important naval bases.
Malaysia itself was formed in 1963 when Singapore and the states of Sabah and Sarawak joined the Peninsular Malaysia Federation. However, Singapore left in 1965 to become a separate nation.
This modern economic powerhouse’s seaport is one of the busiest in the world, and Singapore has become a major worldwide banking, ship building and petroleum center.
In the last few decades, this melting pot of cultures has moved on to the “A List” for international travelers, and is today one of the most sophisticated tourist destinations on the planet.
A bridge and causeway connect Singapore to the Malaysia mainland, and speaking of land, because of the aggressive current patterns of the Strait of Singapore, there are much-needed and on-going land reclamation projects.
Facts and Figures
(long form) Republic of Singapore
Population 4,608,167 (2008 est)
Population & Density (all countries) here
Capital City Singapore
Currency Singapore Dollar (SGD)
Currency Converter here
Languages Mandarin (35%), English (23%), Malay (14.1%), Hokkien (11.4%), Cantonese (5.7%) and other Chinese dialects
National Day August 9
Religions Buddhist (43%), Muslim (15%), others
Latitude/Longitude (Capital City)
01� 22′ N, 103� 48′ E
Relative Location Singapore is in both the northern and eastern hemispheres. The country is immediately north of the Equator, and positioned off the southern edge of the Malay Peninsula between Malaysia and Indonesia. It’s separated from Malaysia by the Strait of Johar, and from Indonesia by the Strait of Singapore.
Coastline 120 miles (193 km)
(land) 263 sq miles (683 sq km)
(water) 4 sq miles (10 sq km)
(TOTAL) 267 sq miles (693 sq km)
Land Area (all countries) here
Landforms The country of Singapore consists of one main island and over 60 small islands (islets).
The middle of the main island contains a number of rounded hills; west and southwest the land is a series of low ridges, while east and southeast, the land is generally flat.
Singapore is drained by a large number of narrow and short streams, some of which flow into the sea through mangrove swamps, or estuaries.
Water reservoirs cover parts of the central area, as there are no significant lakes or rivers.
Highest Point JBukit Timah – 545 ft. (166 m)
Lowest Point Strait of Singapore – (0 ft.) (0 m)
Land Divisions none