About Romania




Inside the so-called “Cave of Bones” in Romania, the oldest human remains on the continent of Europe were discovered; they were dated by archeologists to some 42,000 years old.

In an attempt to expand its territory further north, the Roman Empire reached the Danube River in southeastern Europe in 100 AD, and established the new province of Roman Dacia.

As the Roman Empire began its decline in the late 2nd century, Dacia was invaded by the Goths, an East Germanic tribe of Scandinavian origin. Over the next five centuries a wide variety of migrating people crossed through.

In the 8th century, the Avars, a highly organized nomadic confederacy of mixed origins conquered the land, and ruled the remaining Slavic serfs in the Transylvania region until the 8th century.

In the High to Late Middle Ages, from the Black Sea coastal areas through the mountainous central, and to the western borders of what is now modern-day Hungary and Serbia, Romania was occupied by an assortment of nomadic peoples.

By the middle of the 16th century, Hungary, and most of the Balkan Peninsula including Romania’s historical regions of Moldavia (northeast), Transylvania (central) and Wallachia (in the south) were under varied levels of Ottoman (Turkish) control.

Near the end of the 17th century, a league of factions (including the Hapsburg) organized by Pope Innocent XI, was sent to free Hungary from Ottoman rule and reinstate the Catholic Church. That effort stretched into Romania, and in 1699, Transylvania became a territory of the Habsburgs’ Austrian empire.

The Habsburgs were one of the most important aristocratic royal houses of Europe, best known for being the origin of all of the formally elected Holy Roman Emperors between 1438 and 1740. Within a few short years the Hapsburg’s occupied other small parts of Moldavia and Wallachia.

he European Revolutions of 1848, were a series of political upheavals throughout the continent. They were caused by widespread dissatisfaction with leadership; the demands of the working classes and a growing upsurge of nationalism in individual countries and regions.

It was the first (and only) Europe-wide collapse of traditional authority. During the revolutions tens of thousands of people were killed and many more forced into exile, and within one year, the powerful reactionary forces (of royalty) had won out and the revolutions collapsed.

After the failed 1848 Revolution, Romanians wanted to form a single state, but that struggle was squelched by the Austria-Hungary empire, as it kept the Romanians firmly in control, even in parts of Transylvania where Romanians constituted a local majority.

During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and numerous Balkan countries, Romania fought on the Russian side, and that was a good decision.

Within the 1878 Treaty of Berlin between the two warring parties, Romania was recognized as an independent state (principality) by Russia and some other European powers of the day. To make the deal Romania ceded some land along its eastern border to Russia.

Fast Facts


  • Name: Romania
  • Capital City: Bucharest (10,000,000 pop.)
    (2,150,000 metro)
  • Romania Population: 21,904,551 (2010 est.)
  • Currency: Romanian leu
  • Ethnicity: Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4%
  • GDP total: $253.3 billion (2010 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $11,500 (2010 est.)
  • Language: Romanian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Bucuresti, Iasi, Galati, Timisoara, Constanta, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Brasov, Ploiesti, Braila, Oradea, Bacau, Pitesti, Arad, Sibiu, Targu Mures, Baia Mare, Buzau, Botosani, Satu Mare
  • Name: Romanian for ‘man‘ or ‘person’ (it comes from the Latin romanus, “citizen of Rome”)
  • National Day: December 1
  • Religion: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1%

Land Statistics


  • Coastline: 139.81 miles (225 km)
  • Land Area:
    (land) 88,761 sq miles (229,891 sq km)
    (water) 3,282 sq miles (8,500 sq km)
    (TOTAL) 92,043 sq miles (238,391 sq km)
  • Land Divisions: There are 41 counties and 1 municipality* in Romania. They are Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Bucuresti (Bucharest)*, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dimbovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Ilfov, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Vilcea, Vrancea.
  • Horizontal Width: 332.18 miles (534.59 km) from Timisoara east to Galati
  • Vertical Length: 314.77 miles (506.58 km) from Giurgiu northwest to Satu Mare
  • Bordering Countries: (5) Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine
  • Geographic Center: About 40.78 miles (65.62 km) east of Sibiu
  • Highest Point: Moldoveanu 8,346 ft (2,544 m)
  • Lowest Point:  Black Sea 0 m



  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Bucharest: (capital city) 44° 26′ N, 26° 5′ E
    Bacau: 46° 34′ N, 26° 55′ E
    Oradea: 47° 3′ N, 21° 56′ E
    Timisoara: 45° 45′ N, 21° 13′ E


  1. [...]Sites of interest we have a link to[...]……

    [...]usually posts some very interesting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[...]……

  2. …[Trackback]…

    Reply post here…

  3. [...]we like to honor many other internet sites on the web, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages worth checking out[...]……

    [...]Here are some of the sites we recommend for our visitors[...]……

  4. Online Article……

    [...]The information mentioned in the article are some of the best available [...]……

  5. [...]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I love but don’t get a lot of link love from[...]……

    [...]just beneath, are numerous totally not related sites to ours, however, they are surely worth going over[...]……

  6. [...]The information mentioned in the article are some of the best available [...]……

    [...]below you’ll find the link to some sites that we think you should visit[...]……

  7. [...]The information mentioned in the article are some of the best available [...]……

    [...]below you’ll find the link to some sites that we think you should visit[...]……

  8. Cool sites…

    [...]we came across a cool site that you might enjoy. Take a look if you want[...]……

  9. [...]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I love but don’t get a lot of link love from[...]……

    [...]just beneath, are numerous totally not related sites to ours, however, they are surely worth going over[...]……

  10. All About Education…

    I have recently started a site, the information you offer on this site has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time…

  11. All About Education…

    Im receiving a browser error, is someone else? When will you post again? You truly inform lots of people! Cheers because of this text, it was great to read. Appreciate the efforts you earn in writing this post. Im hoping precisely the same best product…

  12. site says:

    … [Trackback]…

    [...] Informations on that Topic: allaboutedu.com/study-abroad/about-romania [...]…

  13. Thanks so much for giving everyone an extraordinarily remarkable possiblity to read in detail from here. It is always very nice plus stuffed with a great time for me and my office peers to visit your blog particularly three times weekly to find out the latest secrets you have. And definitely, I am also actually amazed concerning the cool things you give. Certain 2 ideas in this article are surely the most impressive I have ever had.

  14. An average weblogblog site following may perhaps you need to greatly regarded throughout taking note of. Health practitioner understanding besides that further whole amount nevertheless the and also this shines turn out working with text. Now-a-days aticles are usually getting taken a muslim apiece communicate many industry. I would say the true idea an extremely sportsmen pick up along with that company angling correct conditions check out format. Weblog attribute asked for stands out doors since many electrical power relating to originality with a really in your own outcome recognizing, saying, establishing coupled by means of total view. Meaning which often which include post is in fact most often exceptionally fruitful for the best tv audience. Bless you sufficiently relating have recommending test different kinds together with excellent awesome information. Also watch for some valid long term write-up by spectacular being nosy.

  15. I like this weblog it’s a master piece! Glad I noticed this on google.

  16. Greetings! Nintendo wii which?utes absolutely away from subject. Have you any idea steps to make your internet site portable friendly? This site seems weird while searching via our iphone4. I?mirielle trying to find a design as well as extension that has to be capable to resolve this challenge. If you have any kind of advice, remember to share. Many thanks!

  17. metallofoni says:

    Fantastic blog! Great!

  18. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  19. How is it that just anyone can publish a weblog and get as popular as this? Its not like youve said anything incredibly impressive –more like youve painted a fairly picture through an issue that you know nothing about! I dont want to sound mean, here. But do you definitely think that you can get away with adding some fairly pictures and not genuinely say something?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>