About Netherlands




At the end of the last Ice Age, the “Low Countries,” now called Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands were inhabited by scattered hunter-gather groups. 8,000 years later when the Roman Empire was first coming to power, varied Northern European tribes had settled in, including the Celts, Frisians and Saxons.

With little resistance, those Romans eventually conquered the Netherlands; building military outposts and cities, including those at Maastricht and Ultrecht.
Over time, three distinct cultures formed and prospered here: the Franks in the south, the Frisians along the coastlines and the Saxons in the east. By the mid 700′s, most of the people were converted to Christianity, and then, the Vikings arrived.

This mostly tranquil expanse of western Europe was first invaded in the early 9th century. The overpowering Vikings removed the accumulated wealth, destroyed some settlements of note, and remained in power until crushed at Ultrecht by a German king in 920. As a result, and beginning with King Otto the Great, German kings held sway here during the 10th and 11th centuries.

Around 1100, coastal swamp lands (all frequently flooded) were being drained and cultivated by the Frisians, farms were developed, towns quickly grew in influence and economic trade groups (leagues) formed.

Repetitive and devastating flooding of the lowlands continued to occur, and over 120,000 people (collectively) drowned in the All Saints Flood (1170), Noordholland Flood (1212), St. Marcellus flood (1219), and the Zuider Zee seawall collapse in 1287.

Regardless, regional port cities grew powerful, and some became (local) independent empires; nobles and self-appointed rulers converted their own holdings into personal kingdoms, and into that mix (almost predictably) neighbors battled neighbors, wars were fought for land control, and then, a new opportunity presented itself.

With support from local (now tired of bickering) power brokers in the Netherlands, the Flemish Duke of Burgandy (from France), almost by invitation, united all factions; wars were ended and peace and prosperity followed. One of the by-products of that unity was Dutch shipping, as its fleet grew into a consequential force in the 15th century, with Amsterdam the principal port.

Burgundian rule over the “Low Countries” ended in the early 16th century, mostly by conquest. The Habsburg dynasty under Charles V gained control, but in short-order the lengthy struggle for independence surfaced. In 1548, Charles V granted limited autonomy to seventeen provinces of Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.

When Charles was succeeded by his son, Philip II, the Catholic King of Spain, the new king was outraged by Protestant influence in the “Low Countries,” and tried to enforce the brutal Catholic Inquisition policies. Led by Prince William of Orange the locals promptly rebelled, and the resulting Eighty Years’ War finally ended in 1648, with the Spanish expelled and independence at hand.

Fast Facts


  • Name: Netherlands
    (long form) Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • Capital City: Amsterdam (780,152 pop.)
    (2,158,592 metro)
  • Netherlands Population: 16,847,007 (2010 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Euro
    (conversion rates)
    Twenty Euros
  • Ethnicity: Dutch 80.7%, EU 5%, Indonesian 2.4%, Turkish 2.2%, Surinamese 2%, Moroccan 2%, Caribbean 0.8%, other 4.8% (2008 est.)
  • Holidays 
  • GDP total: $680.4 billion (2010 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $40,500 (2010 est.)
  • Land Sizes 
  • Language: Dutch (official), Frisian (official)
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht, Eindhoven, Tilburg, Groningen, Breda, Apeldoorn, Nijmegen
  • Name: Netherlands comes from the Dutch wordNederland, which means “lower land.”
  • National Day: April 30, Queen’s DayIt celebrates the birthday of the former Queen Juliana and is one of the largest, most vibrant celebrations on the Dutch calendar. Flags fly, music pumps and millions take to the streets for a national celebration.
  • Religion: Roman Catholic 30%, Dutch Reformed 11%, Calvinist 6%, other Protestant 3%, Muslim 5.8%, other 2.2%, none 42% (2006)
  • Symbols



  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Amsterdam: (capital city) 52° 22′ N, 4° 53′ E
    Delfzijl: 53° 19′ N, 6° 54′ E
    Den Helder: 52° 56′ N, 4° 46′ E
    Maastricht: 50° 51′ N, 5° 41′ E
    Rotterdam: 51° 55′ N, 4° 28′ E
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative Locations: (specific details)


  1. Manufacturer directory Business directory Import Export Directory Chinese suppliers Leading B2B Marketplace to provide a platform for SMEs to trade globally.Free Import Export Leads for buyers and sellers

  2. Holzhaus says:

    Great Stuff…

    I saw this really great post today….

  3. Awesome Site!!!…

    i just checked this site the other day come see!…

  4. Gems form the internet…

    [...]very few websites that happen to be detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly well worth checking out[...]……

  5. … [Trackback]…

    [...] There you will find 71058 more Infos: allaboutedu.com/study-abroad/about-netherlands [...]…

  6. Great Stuff…

    I saw this really good post today….

  7. igun says:

    … [Trackback]…

    [...] There you will find 60746 more Infos: allaboutedu.com/study-abroad/about-netherlands [...]…

  8. Its like you read my thoughts! You appear to know a lot about this, such as you wrote the e-book in it or something. I feel that you could do with a few p.c. to pressure the message home a bit, however instead of that, this is excellent blog. An excellent read. I will definitely be back.

  9. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your web site offered us with valuable information to paintings on. You have performed a formidable activity and our entire neighborhood shall be grateful to you.

  10. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this post. I am hoping the same best work from you in the future as well. In fact your creative writing abilities has inspired me to start my own BlogEngine blog now.

  11. Great site!…

    [...]Thanks for another informative website. Where else may just I am getting that type of information written in such an ideal manner? I have a challenge that I am simply now working on, and I have been on the glance out for such info.[...]…

  12. google + says:

    google + Glad i found your blog, the internet has revolutionised the way we learn and now it is changing the way write…

    Glad i found your blog, the internet has revolutionised the way we learn and now it is changing the way write…

  13. Bloggeries says:

    I used to be suggested this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this submit is written by him as no one else recognise such certain approximately my trouble. You’re amazing! Thank you!

  14. Bloggeries says:

    I enjoy, cause I discovered just what I was having a look for. You’ve ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  15. location voiture fes Congratulations on possessing actually one among one of the vital subtle blogs Ive arrive across in some time! Its simply superb how much you’ll be able to take into account away from a thing mainly merely because of how visuall…

    Congratulations on possessing actually one among one of the vital subtle blogs Ive arrive across in some time! Its simply superb how much you’ll be able to take into account away from a thing mainly merely because of how visually beautiful it is. Youv…

  16. vps says:

    pay with lr funds for vps…

    [.... now get instant vps after paying from liberty reserve and paypal..]…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>