Portugal was the first European power to gain access to the Southeast Asian trade route when they conquered the Sultanate of Malacca in 1511. The Netherlands and Spain superseded Portugal’s stronghold in the 17th century with the Dutch taking over Malacca.
Facts and Figures
(long form) none
Population & Density (all countries) here
Capital City Kuala Lumpur (1.5 mil) metro (3.8 mil)
Currency Ringgit (MYR)
Currency Converter here
Languages Bahasa Melayu (official), English, assorted Chinese dialects and other indigenous languages.
National Day August 31
Religions Muslim, Buddhist, Daoist, Hindu, Christian, others
03? 10′ N, 101? 42′ E
Relative Location Malaysia is in both the northern and eastern hemispheres. The country is immediately north of the Equator, and positioned on both the Malay Peninsula and on the northern edges of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. It’s bordered by the waters of the South China Sea, assorted smaller seas, and the countries of Brunei, Burma (Myanmar) and Thailand.
Coastline 2,905 miles (4,675 km)
(land) 126,854 sq miles (328,550 sq km)
(water) 463 sq miles (1,200 sq km)
(TOTAL) 127,317 sq miles (329,700 sq km)
Land Area (all countries) here
Landforms Malaysia consists of the Peninsular Malaysia, which is part of mainland Southeast Asia, and the states of Sabah and Sarawak on the northern edges of the island of Borneo.
In essence, the coastal plains here (in some areas rather wide) rise gently into hills and mountains, all covered by dense rain forests.
Countrywide, elevations average between 3,500 to 6,000 feet, with the major exception being Mt. Kinabalu (at near 14,000 ft.) in the State of Sabah.
Off its coastlines, Malaysia includes hundreds of very small islands (dots on a sea of blue).
Over two dozen rivers of size flow from the mountains, with the Pahang, Rajang and Sugut the most significant.
Highest Point Gunung Kinabalu -13,451 ft.(4,100 m)
Lowest Point South China Sea – (0 ft.) (0 m)
Land Divisions 13 states, including: Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Pulau Pinang, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, and Terengganu; and one federal territory (wilayah persekutuan) with three components, the cities of Kuala Lumpur, Labuan, and Putrajaya.