The first settlers came to Iceland from Norway and Ireland in the 9th century.
Located in the North Atlantic Ocean, directly east of Greenland, Iceland is Europe’s westernmost country, the second largest island in the North-Atlantic ocean, and a little over 3 hours flight from London, Paris or Copenhagen.
For many modern decades it has a strong economy, low unemployment, low inflation, and a per capita income among the highest in the world. Due to the 2009 worldwide economic collapse, Iceland now suffers through a severe financial crisis.
The Iceland maps and information pages are currently being revised, and will be posted soon.
Facts and Figures
Official Name Republic of Iceland
Capital City Reykjavik
- Major Cities/Towns here
- Flag here
- Latitude/Longitude 65� 00’N, 18� 00’W
- Languages Icelandic (official)
- Official Currency Krona
- Religions Evangelical Lutheran, others
- Population 279,384
- Land Area 100,250 sq km (38,707 sq miles)
- Landforms It’s largely an arctic desert punctuated by mountains, glaciers, geysers, hot springs, volcanoes and waterfalls. Most of the vegetation and agricultural areas are in the lowlands close to the coastline. Its most distinctive features are the glaciers. They cover over 11,922 sq. km (4,600 sq. mi) or 11. 5% of the total area of the country. During the past few decades, however, they’ve markedly thinned and retreated owing to a milder climate.
By far the largest of the glaciers is the Vatnajokull in southeast Iceland, with an area of 8,400 sq. km (3,240 sq. mi), it’s equal in size to all the glaciers on the European mainland put together. It reaches a thickness of 1 km (3000 ft.)
- Highest Point Oraefajokull (2,199 meters) (6,952 ft)
- Land Divisions 23 counties, 14 independent towns.