About Finland

Share


Description

 

During the last Ice Age, Finland was covered by a thick layer of ice. When that ice sheet retreated (or melted) about 10,000 years ago, it gouged the surface of the land and left in its wake innumerable islands, rivers and streams, as well as countless lakes.

Subsequently, the exposed lands turned green and fertile, wildlife returned, and Stone Age hunter-gatherers from northern Russia arrived. Early settlements soon developed, and early man lived and farmed throughout Finland on through the Bronze and Iron Ages.

At the end of the Viking era, during a series of exploratory crusades into Finland, the Swedes brought Christianity, and in short-order, mostly undefended Finnish lands were incorporated into the Kingdom of Sweden, and 650 years of Swedish influence began.

As a province of Sweden, the now subjugated Finns were forced to adopt the culture and traditions of Sweden, including its language and dominate religion. The imposed Protestant faith motivated many in the Orthodox religion to move east into Russia.

Debilitating skirmishes with Russia for control of Finland’s land raged on, and then, at the very end of the 17th century, a severe famine was out of control, and across Finland food shortages caused mass starvation.

In 1808, the so-called “Finnish War” between Russia and Sweden began. On March 28, 1809, victorious Russia transformed long-suffering Finland into a Grand Duchy (or separate state), with some level of autonomy.

During Russia’s sway, the Finnish language surfaced once again, Helsinki became the capital city and a strong national pride swept across the land. Russia, now worried about this reformation of sorts, clamped down.

It was to no avail as the era of Russian Tzars came to an end in 1917 during the Communist Revolution. On December 6th of that year Finland declared its independence. A short (but bloody) civil war followed between “Whites” (Finland forces) and “Reds” (Russian supported factions), and the “Whites” prevailed and the country’s freedom was at hand.

Fast Facts

  • Name: Finland
    (long form) Republic of Finland
  • Capital City: Helsinki (588,941 pop.)
    (1,325,775 metro)
  • Finland Population: 5,259,250 (2010 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Euro
    (conversion rates)
    20 Euros
  • Ethnicity: Finn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Roma (Gypsy) 0.1%, Sami 0.1% (2006)
  • Holidays
  • GDP total: $187.6 billion (2010 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $35,300 (2010 est.)
  • Land Sizes 
  • Language: Finnish 91.2% (official), Swedish 5.5% (official), other 3.3% (small Sami and Russian speaking minorities) (2007)
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Helsinki, Espoo, Tampere, Vantaa, Turku, Oulu
  • Name: Finland is derived from the Germanic word ‘finthan‘ (“wander, find”) and is thought to refer to hunter-gatherers.
  • National Day: December 6
  • Religion: Lutheran Church of Finland 82.5%, Orthodox Church 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.1%, none 15.1% (2006)
  • Symbols

 Land Statistics

  • Coastline: 1,250 km (776.7 miles)
  • Land Area:
    (land) 117,303 sq miles (303,815 sq km)
    (water) 13,255 sq miles (34,330 sq km)
    (TOTAL) 130,558 sq miles (338,145 sq km)
    To convert sq km (kilometers) to sq mi (miles)
    use our converter
  • Land Area: (all countries)
  • Land Divisions: (6) Finland is divided into 6 provinces, or administrative regions, including: Aland, Lapland, Oulu, Eastern Finland, Southern Finland and Western Finland
  • Horizontal Width: 444 km (275 miles) from Rauma, on the Gulf of Bothnia, northeast to Koli National Park
  • Vertical Length: 1,110 km (689 miles) from the far-northern tip of Finland, south to HelsinkiNote: Lengths and widths are point-to-point, straight-line measurements from a Mercator map projection, and will vary some using other map projections
  • Bordering Countries: (3) Norway, Russia and Sweden
  • Geographic Center: 32.18 km (19.7 miles) to the southwest of Kajaan
  • Highest Point:  Haltiatunturi (Halti) at 1,328 m (4,356 ft)
  • Lowest Point:   Baltic Sea, 0 m (0 ft.)
  • Latitude and Longitude
  • Relative Location

Lat/Long

LATITUDE & LONGITUDE:

  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Helsinki: (capital city) 60° 10′ N, 24° 56′ E
    Ivalo: 68° 39′ N, 27° 32′ E
    Oulu: 65° 0′ N, 25° 28′ E
    Rovaniemi: 66° 29′ N, 25° 43′ E
    Vaasa: 63° 5′ N, 21° 36′ E
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude 
  • Relative Locations: (specific details)

 

 

 

Share

200 comments

  1. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a weblog web site? The account aided me a appropriate deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered brilliant transparent concept

  2. …[Trackback]…

    Additional post…

  3. … [Trackback]…

    [...] Informations on that Topic: allaboutedu.com/study-abroad/about-finland [...]…

  4. … [Trackback]…

    [...] Read More Infos here: allaboutedu.com/study-abroad/about-finland [...]…

  5. My spouse and i?michael uncertain why however this site is actually loading incredibly gradual to me. Is actually someone else having one of these problem or perhaps this a challenge on my conclusion? We?lmost all visit down the road and see if the difficulty still is out there.

  6. Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the pictures on this blog loading? I’m trying to find out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

  7. Gry Na Ps3 says:

    I really enjoy the post.Much thanks again. Great.

  8. You are my breathing in, I possess few web logs and infrequently run out from to brand.

  9. sesli chat says:

    Thanks for providing such a great article, it was excellent and very informative. It’s my first time that I visit here. I found a lot of informative stuff in your article. Keep it up. Thank you.

  10. sesli sohbet says:

    Thank you for taking the time and spreading this information with all of us. It was really very helpful and informative while being straight forward and to the point.

  11. oyun indir says:

    I truly enjoyed this article. Make sure you keep up the good work. Thanks a lot.

  12. escort bayan says:

    I think this page is awesome for people this blog gives them a brief idea on where they need to start and start with. Thank you

  13. I like the efforts you have put in this, appreciate it for all the great posts.

  14. Forgive my stupidity, but I can’t for the life of me find your sites rss feeds. Can you tell me where it is? Thanks.

  15. seo uzmanı says:

    This is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles, I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work.

  16. webblog says:

    I think this internet site has got some rattling fantastic info for everyone :D . “Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail.” by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

  17. Hey! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and outstanding design and style.

  18. Thank for posting this. I found it pretty helpful. I will be checking back soon for updates.

  19. porno izle says:

    Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people consider worries that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  20. Wow, fantastic blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is excellent, let alone the content!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>