About Denmark



Historical remains in Denmark indicate that people first lived on this fertile land beginning around 12,000 BC. Discoveries from the Nordic Bronze Age (1800 – 600 BC) include elaborate burial mounds complete with musical instruments, crude weapons and sacrificial markings.

During Rome’s long sway over western Europe, Roman provinces maintained trade routes with tribes in Denmark. One century after the Roman Empire collapsed upon itself in 410 AD, the first Danes are thought to have arrived, moving south into Denmark from Sweden.

Beginning in the middle of the 8th century, the Danes were known as Vikings. These rugged, sea-going adventurers (with their brothers from Norway and Sweden) raided, then colonized many areas of Europe. They explored the North Atlantic Ocean, but their main focus was the British Isles and western Europe, including Paris, France, (of all places) by traversing the Seine River.

In and around 965, Harald Bluetooth, son of the Viking King, Gorm the Old, united, then Christianized the Danes. In the early 11th century, Viking King, Canute the Great, rose to power and his forces conquered all of Denmark and Norway, and most of England.

In the early 14th century, the once-powerful realm of Danish Kings began to shrink, and in 1397, Denmark entered into a union (of sorts) with Norway and Sweden. This Kalmar Union of mostly self-serving dynasties dissolved in 1524, and war was on the horizon.

In the early 16th century, after Martin Luther nailed his (95 Theses) to the door of the Wittenberg Castle’s Church, the Reformation began. Civil War and religious persecution swept western Europe, and Denmark and Norway, now joined in union, were not immune.

In Denmark, the mayhem finally ended in 1536, and Denmark converted to Lutheranism. The Catholic church was banished and beginning with King Christian IV in 1611, almost two centuries of war with Sweden followed.

Early military successes forced Sweden to pay ransom to Denmark, but no territorial changes occurred. Then, during the Thirty Year’s War, the King and his forces suffered a devastating defeat and Jutland was occupied.

In 1642, adding insult to injury, Swedish armies invaded and Denmark was forced to surrender large areas of land including several provinces in Norway. King Frederick III declared war on Sweden in 1657, and this led to an almost total defeat of the Danish army.

Fast Facts

  • Name: Denmark
    (long form) Kingdom of Denmark
  • Capital City: Copenhagen (539,542 pop.)
    (1,914,865 metro)
  • Denmark Population: 5,529,888 (2010 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Danish Krone
    (conversion rates)
    50 Danish Krones
  • Ethnicity: Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
  • Holidays 
  • GDP total: $201.4 billion (2010 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $36,700 (2010 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Danish, English, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Copenhagen, Arhus, Odense, Alborg and Esbjerg.
  • Name: The meaning behind Denmark’s name is thought to derive from the first part of the word from a word meaning “flat land”, while the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland.
  • National Day: June 5, Constitution Day
  • Religion: Evangelical Lutheran 95%, other Christian 3%, Muslim 2%
  • Symbols

 Land Statistics

  • Coastline: 7,314 km (4.35 miles)
  • Land Area:
    (land) 16,384 sq miles (42,434 sq km)
    (water) 255 sq miles (660 sq km)
    (TOTAL) 16,639 sq miles (43,094 sq km)
    To convert sq km (kilometers) to sq mi (miles)
    use our converter
  • Land Area: (all countries)
  • Land Divisions: (5) As of January 1, 2007, Denmark is now divided into five regions, including Hovedstaden, Midtjylland, Nordjylland, Sjaelland and Syddanmark.
  • Regions Map
  • Regions (largest by pop.) Hovedstaden, 1,645,825
  • Regions (largest by size) Midtjylland, 13,142 sq km
  • Horizontal Width: 259 km (160 miles) from the capital city of Copenhagen, west to Esbjerg
  • Vertical Length: 330 km (205 miles) from Skagen south to Tonder

    Note: Lengths and widths are point-to-point, straight-line measurements from a Mercator map projection, and will vary some using other map projections

  • Bordering Countries: (1) Germany
  • Geographic Center: The city of Aarhus on the Jutland Peninsula
  • Highest Point:  Mollehoj 170 m (557 ft)
  • Lowest Point:   Lammefjord (-7 m) (-22 ft)
  • Latitude and Longitude
  • Relative Location



  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Copenhagen: (capital city) 55° 41′ N, 12° 34′ E
    Kolding: 55° 29′ N, 9° 28′ E
    Ronne: 55° 6′ N, 14° 42′ E
    Skagen: 57° 43′ N, 10° 34′ E
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude 
  • Relative Locations: (specific details)