### NDA/ CDS/ SSB Exam

##### Posted on November 21, 2011 | By test3 | 82 responses

**NDA/ CDS/ SSB ENTRANCE EXAM 2012-2013 , DATES , SYLLABUS , RESULTS , NOTIFICATION , PATTERN ONLINE**

Welcome to the section where All About EduNDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAMion shall provide you with the details of various Entrance Exams and Entrance Exams Results. This section will be useful to students looking at appearing for the various entrance exams that are conducted by universitNDA/ CDS/ SSB Exam and colleges for admissions within India and abroad.

In this section All About EduNDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAMion presents with the details of the following NDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAM entrance exam and NDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAM entrance exam results. All About EduNDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAMion also provides with other details like :

– Eligibility criteria of NDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAM Exams

– NDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAM details

– NDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAM AppliNDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAMion Procedure

– NDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAM Dates

– NDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAM Useful Contacts

– NDA/ CDS/ SSB EXAM Selection Procedure

Welcome to NDA / CDS / SSB / PABT 2012 Exam Section. Here you will find about NDA / CDS / SSB / PABT Exam 2012 Coaching, Syllabus, Preparation, Paper Pattern, Sample Test Papers, Questions, NDA / CDS / SSB / PABT Notification, Important Dates, Exam Date, Results.

NDA:- Recruitment of candidates to Army, Navy and Air force wings of the National Defence Academy (NDA), is through National Defence Academy Entrance Exam which is held twice a year, generally in the month of April and September. NDA exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). A candidate must be an unmarried male. The course of training is for three years.

**NDA Exam 2011 – 2012 Dates / Notification:-**

**Exam Date:-** 21st August, 2011

**Notification Date:- ** 9th April, 2011

**Last Date to Apply:- **9th May, 2011

**NDA 2012 Eligibility:-**

(A) **Nationality: **A candidate must be a citizen of India.

(B)** Age:** According to the upsc NDA 2011 examination rules the candidates born not earlier than 2nd july,1993 and not later than 1st January ,1996 unmarried male are eligible.

**Sex:** only unmarried male candidates are eligible.

**(C)Educational qualifications:**

(i)For Army wing of National Defence Academy: A candidate must have passed 10+2 educational level.

(ii) For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy: A candidate must have passed 10+2 educational level with physics and mathematics subjects. Candidates who are appearing in the 12th class under the 10+2 pattern of school education or equivalent can also apply.

(D)Physical Standards: Candidates must be physically fit and medically according to physical standards for admission to to National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination.

Note: A candidate who has resigned or withdrawn on disciplinary grounds from any of the training academies of Armed Forces is not eligible to apply.

**NDA/ CDS/ SSB Entrance Exam 2012-2013, Dates, Syllabus, Results, Notification, Pattern, NDA/ CDS/ SSB Entrance Exam Results.**

**NDA 2012 Exam Patten:-**

UPSC conducts NDA (National defence academy) exam twice in a year for admission into Army, Navy, and Air Force Wings.The upsc NDA exam comprises 2 stages Written Examination and Interview.

Written Examination:- There will be 2 papers in NDA Exam All the subjects given as objective type questions and these 2 subjects question papers will be given in bilingually in Hindi as well as English .Time duration for each paper 2-½ Hours

**Subject – Maximum Marks**

**Mathematics **– 300 marks

**General Ability **– 600 marks

**Total – **900 marks

**
Interview: **who selects in written examination are called for Interview which is conducted by SSB.

**NDA/ CDS/ SSB Entrance Exams 2012-2013,Dates, Syllabus, Results, Courses, Notification, Pattern**

**NDA Syllabus 2012:- **

MATHEMATICS – PAPER-1 (Maximum Marks- 300)

**
1. ALGEBRA:-** Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws. Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line. Maple numbers – basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear in equations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their Applications.

**2. MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:-** Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.

**3. TRIGONOMETRY:- **Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrically ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications – Height and distance, properties of triangles.

**
4. ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS:-** Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.

**5. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS:- **Concept of a real valued function – domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples. Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.

**
6. INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:-** Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types – examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.

**7. VECTOR ALGEBRA:- **Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications-work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.

**8. STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY:- **Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, And cumulative frequency distribution – examples. Graphical representation – Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon – examples. Measures of Central tendency – Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples. Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem – simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.

**GENERAL ABILITY TEST – PAPER-II (Maximum Marks-600)**

**Part ‘A’ – ENGLISH (Maximum Marks 200)**

The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

**Part ‘B’ – GENERAL KNOWLEDGE:-**

(Maximum Marks-400)

The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects: Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events. The syllabus given below is designed to indicate the scope of these subjects included in this paper. The topics mentioned are not to be regarded as exhaustive and questions on topics of similar nature not specifically mentioned in the syllabus may also be asked. Candidate’s answers are expected to show their knowledge and intelligent understanding of the subject.

**Section ‘A’ (Physics):-
**

Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer. Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of temperature and heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye. Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet. Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the following : Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.

**Section ‘B’ (Chemistry):-** Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon – different forms. Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.

**Section ‘C’ (General Science):-**

Difference between the living and non- living. Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasm’s and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention. Food – Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System – Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists.

**Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)** A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilizations. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy. Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.

**Section ‘E’ (Geography):-**

The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate. Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.

**Section ‘F’ (Current Events):-**

Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities – both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.

**CDS:-** A combined defence services examination will be conducted by the union public service commission

CDS Exam 2011 – 2012 Dates / Notification:-

A Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS II Exam 2011) will be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission on 18th September, 2011. for admission to the undermentioned courses.

The Last date of recipt of completed CDS Exam II 2010 Application Form :

**Offline :** 6th June, 2011.

**Online :** 13th June, 2011.

**CDS 2012 Exam Pattern:-**

**Exam Type:-** Objective

**Question Type:-** Multiple choice with four options choose one correct option.

**Question Paper for Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy and Air Force Academy:-**

1) English – 100 marks

2) General Knowledge – 100 marks

3) Elementary Mathematics:- 100 marks

Total – 300 marks

**Question Papaer for Officers Training Academy:-**

1) English – 100 marks

2) General Knowledge:- 100 marks

Total:- 200 marks

**UPSC CDS Exam 2012 Eligibility:-**

a) Nationality : A candidate must either be :

1. A Citizen of India, or

2. A subject of Bhutan, or

3. A subject of Nepal, or

4. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

5. A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Certificate of eligibility will, however, not be necessary in the case of candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination provisionally subject to the necessary certificate being given to him by the Govt. before declaration of result by UPSC.

b) CDS 2 2011 Exam Age Limits, Sex and Marital Status :

1. For IMA-Unmarried male candidates born not earlier than 2nd July, 1988 and not later than 1st July, 1993 only are eligible.

2. For Indian Naval Academy-Unmarried male candidates born not earlier than 2nd July, 1990 (2nd July, 1988 in case of NCC Naval Wing ‘C’ Certificate holders) and not later than 1st July, 1993 only are eligible.

3. For Air Force Academy-Unmarried male candidates born not earlier than 2nd July, 1989 and not later than 1st July, 1993 only are eligible.

4. For Officers’ Training Academy- (SSC Course for Men) : Male candidates (married or unmarried) born not earlier than 2nd July, 1987 and not later than 1st July, 1993 only are eligible.

5. For Officers Training Academy – (SSC Women Non-Technical Course) Unmarried Women, issueless widows who have not remarried and issue less divorcees (in possession of divorce documents) who have not remarried are eligible. They should have been born not earlier than 2nd July, 1987 and not later than 1st July, 1993.

The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate. These certificates are required to be submitted only after the declaration of the result of the written part of the examination. No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records and the like will be accepted.

The expression Matriculation / Higher Secondary Examination Certificate in this part of the instruction includes the alternative certificates mentioned above.

Sometimes the Matriculation / Higher Secondary Examination Certificate does not show the date of birth, or only shows the age by completed years or completed years and months. In such cases a candidate must send in addition to the attested / certified copy of Matriculation / Higher Secondary Examination Certificate an attested / certified copy of a certificate from the Headmaster / Principal of the Institution from where he passed the Matriculation / Higher Secondary Examination showing the date of his birth or exact age as recorded in the Admission Register of the Institution.

Note 1 :- Candidates should note that only the Date of Birth as recorded in the Matriculation / Higher Secondary Examination Certificate or an equivalent certificate on the date of submission of applications will be accepted by the Commission and no subsequent request for its change will be considered or granted.

Note 2 :- Candidates should also note that once a Date of Birth has been claimed by them and entered in the records of the Commission for the purpose of admission to an Examination, no change will be allowed subsequently or at a subsequent examination on any ground whatsoever.

Note 3 :-

The candidates should exercise due care while entering their date of birth in the respective column of the Application Form for the Examination. If on verification at any subsequent stage any variation is found in their date of birth from the one entered in their Matriculation or equivalent examination certificate, disciplinary action will be taken against them by the Commission under the Rules.

c) Educational Qualifications for CDS II 2011 Exam :

* For I.M.A. and Officers’ Training Academy-Degree of a recognised University or equivalent.

* For Indian Naval Academy : Degree in Engineering.

* For Air Force Academy : Degree of a recognised University (with Physics and Mathematics at 10+2 level) or Bachelor of Engineering.

Graduates with first choice as Army / Navy / Air Force are to submit proof of graduation provisional certificates on the date of commencement of the SSB Interview at the SSB.

Candidates who are studying in the final year Degree course and have yet to pass the final year degree examination can also apply but they will be required to submit proof of passing the degree examination to reach the army HQ / Rtg. CDSE Entry, West Block III, R.K. Puram, New Delhi – 110066. In case of IMA / SSC first choice candidates and Naval HQ “DMPR”, (OI & R Section) Room No. 204, ‘C’ Wing, Sena Bhawan, New Delhi – 110011 in case of Navy first choice candidates and PO3 (A) / Air Headquarters, ‘J’ Block, Room No. 17, Opp. Vayu Bhawan, Motilal Nehru Marg, New Delhi-110011 in case of Air Force first choice candidates by the following dates failing which their candidature will stand cancelled :

1. For admission to IMA, Indian Naval Academy and Air Force Academy on or before 13th May, 2012.

2. For admission to Officer’s Training Academy, Chennai on or before 1st August, 2012.

Candidates possessing professional and technical qualifications which are recognised by government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees would also be eligible for admission to the examination.

In exceptional cases the Commission may treat a candidate, who does not possess any

of the qualifications prescribed in this rule as educationally qualified provided that he / she possesses qualifications, the standard of which in the opinion of the Commission, justifies his / her admission to the examination.

Note I :- Candidates, who have yet to pass their degree examination will be eligible only if they are studying in the final year of degree examination. Those candidates who have yet to qualify in the final year Degree Examination and are allowed to appear in the UPSC Examination should note that this is only a special concession given to them. They are required to submit proof of passing the Degree examination by the prescribed date and no request for extending this date will be entertained on the grounds of late conduct of basic qualifying University Examination, delay in declaration of results or any other ground whatsoever.

Note II :- Candidates who are debarred by the Ministry of Defence from holding any type of commission in the Defence Services shall not be eligible for admision to the examination and if admitted, their candidature will be cancelled.

Note III :- In the event of Air Force candidates being suspended from Flying training for failure to learn flying, they would be absorbed in the Navigation / Administration / Logistic Branch of the IAF. This will be subject to availability of vacancies and fulfilling the laid down qualitative requirements (including 60% in graduation).

**CDS Syllabus 2012:-**

**
English (Code No. 01):-** The question paper will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.

General Knowledge (Code No. 02):- General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which candidate should be able to answer without special study.

Elementary Mathematics (Code No. 03):-

**Arithmetic**

Number System-Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions.

Unitary method-time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.

Elementary Number Theory- Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2,3,4,5,9 and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm, Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.

**Algebra**

Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M. Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns-analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear equations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, Rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices.

Trigonometry

Sine x, cosine x, Tangent x when 00 < x < 900

Values of sin x, cos x and tan x, for x = 00, 300, 450, 600 and 900

Simple trigonometric identities.

Use of trigonometric tables.

simple cases of heights and distances.

**Geometry**

Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on (i) Properties of angles at a point (ii) Parallel lines, (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle, (iv) Congruency of triangles, (v) Similar triangles, (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, (vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square (viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normals, (ix) Loci.

**Mensuration**

Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres.

**Statistics**

Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency.

**SSB:- **Service Selection Boards (SSB) processes the candidates through Projective tests. Interviews and situation tests are conducted in order to determine their suitability as potential Defence officers.SSBs in nut- shell endeavors to fathom the personality, profile, psychology and characteristic behavior & thought of the Aspirant.

**SSB Interview Procedure:-**

**5 Day Programs :-**

The Candidates are called through “Call Letters” to appear in 5 days Tests at SSB (Allahabad/Bhopal/Bangalore/Mysore/Varanasi/Dehradun).

**4 Categories of Tests :-**

1. Screening Test

2. Psychological Test

3. Group Testing Officers (GTO) Test

4. Interview

**Screening Test (First Day)**

After the individual has filled in certain Forms and also the Bio Data forms known as “Personal Information Questionnaire” (PIQ), the candidates will undergo two types of tests as under.

1. Verbal and Non-Verbal Tests.

2. Picture Story Writing followed by Discussion of the Stories.

**Note :-**

Once the Screening Test is over, the results are declared within 1 hour of the completion of the test. Those who clear the test are required to stay back for the next 4 days and the remaining persons are dropped back at the Railway Station for their return journey.

**Psychological Test (Second day)**

These tests are in four parts as under :

* Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) – Commonly known as Picture Story writing.

* Word Association Test (WAT)

* Situation Reaction Test (SRT)

* Self Description Test (SD)

Group Testing Officers (GTO) Test (Third and Fourth day)

The following tests are conducted in this caregory :

* Group discussion

* Group Planning Exercise (sometimes known as Military Planning Exercise)

* Progressive Group Tasks

* Half Group Tasks

* Individual Obstacles

* Group Obstacles Race

* Command Task

* Lecturette

* Final Group Task

**
Interview : **(Held during afternoon/evening hours on 2nd/3rd/4th day)

Note : Brief details of these tests will be covered subsequently.

**Board Meeting (Fifth day)**

The candidates are required to appear before the complete Board of Examiners comprising of President, Dy President, all the psychologists, all the GTO’s and Technical Officer. After the Board Meeting is over, the final result is declared within ½ an hour.

Selected candidates are required to stay back for their medical examination (takes about 3 to 5 days) in the Military Hospital near by or at a different place and the remaining candidates are dropped at the Railway Station for their return journey.

**Note :-**

* Candidates appearing for the first time for a particular type of entry are paid 2nd class return journey fare from the place of their residence to the place where they have come for the interview.

* Accomodation and messing are free for the entire duration of their stay while under going SSB Tests.

* The Air Force candidates are required to go to a different place for medical examination on the specified date.

* Air Force candidates who had applied for ‘Pilot Entry’ have to first appear in ‘Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT)’. Those who are rejected in P.A.B.T cannot re-appear in this test susequently.

**PABT:- **Pilot Aptitude Battery of Tests (PABT). The test battery consists of written tests and machine tests. The former aims at determining the aircrew candidate’s ability to comprehend simple aircraft instruments while the latter evaluates his/her neuromuscular co-ordination for the Indian AirForce.

**PABT 2012 Pattern:-**

These tests are administered to find the suitability of a candidate for flying as Pilots in the Indian Defence Forces.

**Test -01**

Meter reading test Or Instrument test

5 meters They are

a) Altimeter

b) Speedometer

c) Climbing and Diving Meter

d) Turn Indication

e) Horizontal Indicator ( Losing or gaining Height)

The candidates would be explained in detail about the instruments. They will be given a few examples to solve. Only after every one has understood these the test will begin. 20 question 10 mins

**Test -02.** Finding the position and heading of the aircraft in flight.

Instrument as well as the Silhouette (Shape) of the aircraft will give given the candidate has to choose from options. 20 Q in 10 min

** Test 03. **

Machine test-1

These tests aim at assessing the candidate’s aptitude for flying and controlling the aircraft in flight.

It makes an assessment of the Hands, Legs and mind control and stress assessment is made. Candidates will be given an explanation as well as practical demo + one practice before he/she starts the test. In all three chances would be given.

The best of three performances would be considered as the ultimate score.

The Machine test has gadgets for controlling the flight and maintaining it on the scheduled route.

It includes Rudder (Paddle –like Equipment) and control column (Joy Stick). The stick controls the up and down movement of the Dot or Trigger.

As the computer is switched on, a moving dot appears from any one corner of the monitor.

The task is to control this moving dot and retain it at the centre of the screen in a given square.

For this the candidate has to use both hand and leg. The longer the candidate is able to keep the dot in the centre, the more marks he gets.

When the candidate tries to control the dot, a red light and a green light keeps appearing frequently.

The candidate should try to remove these lights with the correct movement of the Throttle ( fitted on the left hand side of the candidate’s chair.)

These light represent the deviation from the scheduled route.. If you ignore these lights you will be losing out on the final score.

**Test 03**

Machine test

On your Monitor you will find a lot of dots coming from top of the screen and goes down.

Your task is it collect as many dots (balls) as possible by making use of the control stick.

Conclusion:-

To sum up these tests are designed to find out whether the candidate is:-

mentally alert and has presence of mind and self confidence,

adequate control over his nerves and

particularly it is observed whether the candidate will be able to balance and control the flight and will not break down under stress. Candidates are advised not to be afraid of this test.

They must be confident and take adequate rest before taking on this exam.

(For this test is taken only once in your life time – applicable for Defence services pilots only.)